Cancer Treatment - Oncology
Oncology is the study of cancer. Cancer is a group of more than 100 different diseases that can begin almost anywhere in the body. It happens when normal cells in the body change and grow uncontrollably. These cells may form a mass called a tumor. A tumor can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous, meaning it can spread to other parts of the body). However, some cancers do not form solid tumors. These include leukemias, most types of lymphoma, and myeloma (cancer of the plasma cells in the bone marrow, the spongy tissue inside of bones).
Within the field of oncology, there are three primary clinical disciplines: medical oncology, surgical oncology, and radiation oncology.
- A medical oncologist specializes in treating cancer with chemotherapy (the use of drugs to kill cancer cells, usually by stopping the cancer cells’ ability to grow and divide) or other medications, such as targeted therapy and oral (in pill form) chemotherapy.
- A surgical oncologist specializes in the removal of the tumor and surrounding tissue during an operation. A surgical oncologist also performs biopsies (the removal of a small amount of tissue for examination under a microscope).
- A radiation oncologist specializes in treating cancer with radiation therapy (the use of high-energy x-rays or other particles to kill cancer cells).
Breast Cancer Treatment
- Bone-directed therapy for breast cancer
- Targeted therapy for breast cancer
- Hormone Therapy for breast cancer
- Chemotherapy for breast cancer
- Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer
- Breast cancer surgery
Bone Marrow Transplant
- Allogenic bone marrow transplant
- Autologous bone marrow transplant