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Effective Ways to Treat Bladder Cancer
EQUI helps you to choose a treatment approach that offers the best chance of treating your cancer, preserving bladder function, and reducing the risk of recurrence. Take beast cure with our expert, Dr. T. Manohar, awarded the “Best Urologist” in India by Ministry of Health. He has the expertise in handling bladder cancer with highest rate of successful treatment.
Bladder cancer is the hidden cancer with a big impact. Bladder cancer is the abnormal growth of bladder cells and is a common cancer; men have a higher risk of getting bladder cancer than women. Cancer usually begins in the lining of the bladder. The cancerous cells may spread through the lining into the muscular wall of the bladder. Some of the risk factors for urinary bladder cancers are: Parasitic infection, smoking, exposure to chemicals and radiation therapy for treatment of other/previous cancers.
Symptoms of bladder cancer vary depending on the severity and stage of the disease.
Common bladder cancer symptoms include:
Blood in urine (hematuria), Frequent and painful urination, suffering from frequent urinary tract infections (UTIs), Pain and discomfort in the lower back area (near kidneys), Swollen lower legs, A mass in the pelvic area near the bladder, Weight loss, Pain in the rectal, anal or pelvic area, Anemia
Diagnosis of bladder cancer
Bladder cancers are classified or staged based on their aggressiveness and the degree that they are different from the surrounding bladder tissue. A physical examination will be performed, including a rectal and pelvic exam.
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include:
Cystoscopy (use of lighted instrument to view inside of bladder)
Urinalysis, Urine cytology (microscopic exam of urine to look for cancerous cells)
Bladder biopsy (usually performed during cystoscopy)
Intravenous pyelogram - IVP (to evaluate upper urinary tract for tumors or blockage)
Stages of bladder cancer
Stage 0 -- Non-invasive tumors limited to the bladder lining
Stage I -- Tumor extends through the lining, but does not extend into the muscle layer
Stage II -- Tumor invades the muscle layer
Stage III -- Tumor extends past the muscle layer into tissue surrounding the bladder
Stage IV -- Cancer has spread to regional lymph nodes or to distant sites (metastatic disease)
Bladder Cancer Treatment
Bladder cancer treatment varies depending on the type and stage of the cancer. Surgical procedures are available for both early-stage and more advanced stages of bladder cancer. Other factors, like overall health and treatment preferences can affect the type of procedures and medication used to treat bladder cancer. The following are common types of bladder cancer treatments:
Chemotherapy treatment normally involves the combining of numerous chemotherapy drugs used to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy is sometimes combined with radiation therapy.
Radiation Therapy is a treatment that involves high energy beams that kill cancer cells.
Biological therapy, or immunotherapy, stimulates the immune system to help your body fight cancer cells. This is typically done by taking biological therapy drugs.
BLADDER REMOVAL - Many people with stage II or III bladder cancer may require bladder removal (radical cystectomy). Partial bladder removal may be performed in some patients. Removal of part of the bladder is usually followed by radiation therapy and chemotherapy to help decrease the chances of the cancer returning.
When facing bladder cancer, where you go for care—and how quickly you are seen—can make a big difference.
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