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Understanding Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. Prostate cancer can develop when cells in the prostate start to grow in an uncontrolled way. Prostate cancer often grows slowly to start with and may never cause any problems. But some men have prostate cancer that is more likely to spread. This needs treatment to stop it spreading outside the prostate.
Frequent urination, more often at night
Difficulty in urinating (Weak or interrupted urine flow, Pain when urinating)
Blood in the urine / painful urination
Ejaculation may be painful (less common)
Achieving or maintaining an erection may be difficult (less common).
Inability to urinate
Pain in the lower back, hips and upper thighs
Diagnosis of prostate cancer
Many tests can be done to determine if someone is suffering from prostate cancer, which are as follows:
DRE (Digital Rectal Exam), Urinalysis, Urine Flow Rate, PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen), MRI, CT Scan, Prostate Biopsy, Abdominal Ultrasound and Cystoscopy
The prostate cancer can be treated with following options which depend on the size and site of the cancer, stage of the cancer and extent to which the disease has spread.
Radiation Therapy: It comprises of high intensity energy to destroy the cancerous cells .
Chemotherapy: It is used to destroy the fast growing cells by using injectable drugs. It is the treatment of choice for the men whose cancer has advanced to other areas of the body or for the men who have not responded well to the hormone therapy.
Surgery : The surgery to treat prostate cancer is known as prostatectomy, where the whole prostate gland is removed. Following are the different approaches of the prostatectomy;
Robotic Radical Prostatectomy (most commonly used)
Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy
Traditional Open Radical Prostatectomy
Robotic Radical Prostatectomy: The surgical instruments are attached to the robot (mechanical device),and the surgeon uses the controls to direct the device to move the instruments The scars are minimal and the healing is much faster.
Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy: This is minimally invasive method in which prostate is removed through small incisions in the abdomen with the help of laparoscope.
Open Radical Prostatectomy: Radical Prostatectomy involves removal of the entire prostate gland along with the seminal vesicles and some of the tissue around it. An Open Radical Prostatectomy is a traditional approach in which prostate is removed through a single long skin incision.
EQUI provide comprehensive treatment services for prostate cancer in supportive background. Treatments range from medication to radiation to minimally invasive surgery. Dr. T Manohar is a urologist and a specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of urologic diseases, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, and prostate cancer. He performs many advanced minimally invasive treatments for prostate cancer, including laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and laparoscopic robotic radical prostatectomy.
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